All music all the time

Titans of classical music: a genre that never ceases to be

Classical music is the musical current that mainly houses music produced or based on the liturgical and secular music traditions of the West, mainly Western Europe. It covers a period of time that goes approximately from the 11th century to the present day, although this definition is not applicable to the music produced in the 20th century despite presenting the same characteristics, although the main characteristics of the genre were codified mainly between 1550 and 1900, which is usually considered the characteristic period of production of classical music. In a historiographic sense, classical music is divided into several periods: ancient or medieval music, which covers the period from the late Middle Ages in Europe (1000-1400); renaissance music (1400-1600); baroque music, which coincides with the development of baroque art (1600-1750); classicism (1750-1800), which in the History of Music and Musicology is sometimes called “classical music”; Romanticism (1800-1910); and contemporary music, which includes the different currents of classical music of the 20th century, which adopts atonal and dissonant composition and other tendencies opposed to previous currents.

Due to both its technical characteristics, the growing professionalization of the profession of musician and composer, and the socio-cultural context in which it develops (under the patronage of aristocracy, church and bourgeoisie), classical music is usually defined as the music of the cultured tradition.

In this sense, classical music is distinguished from “popular” music and other non-European musical forms by its characteristic symbolic musical notation, in use since approximately the 16th century. Such notation allows composers to prescribe in detail the tempo, meter, rhythm, pitch and precise performance of each piece of music. This limits the space for improvisation or ad libitum ornamentation, which are common in non-European art music and popular music. Another characteristic is that while most “popular” styles tend to develop around the genre of the songs, classical music has been characterized by the development of highly sophisticated and relaxing musical forms and genres, and by the use of a very varied and complex instrumentation. For this reason, classical music usually requires a high degree of professionalization and specialization from both musicians and composers.

The term classical music first appears at the beginning of the 19th century, in an attempt to highlight the period as a golden age of music. Today it is associated with the tradition of cultured and academic music described above, and is sometimes replaced by cultured music or academic music to emphasize the existence of “classical” (as opposed to contemporary) music, in other genres such as rock music (see Classical Rock). However, in a popular way, the term classical music is usually reserved almost exclusively to refer to the content of this article.

Classical music is made exclusively to be heard

Unlike other music attached to other forms of entertainment (movie music is sometimes played in concert halls). Classical music concerts usually have a solemn atmosphere, the audience is expected to be silent to avoid distracting the musician and the listeners. Performers usually dress formally, a practice seen as a gesture of respect for the music and the audience; nor do they interact directly or joke with the audience.

As in the fine arts, classical music aspires to communicate a transcendental quality of emotion, which expresses something universal about the human condition. While emotional expression is not an exclusive property of classical music, this slingshot of exploration into emotion allows the best classical music to achieve what has been called the “sublime” in art. Many examples can be cited to demonstrate this. For example, the musicalization of Friedrich Schiller’s poem “Ode to Joy” in Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony, which is often performed at events of national independence or celebration, such as that famous occasion when it was conducted by Leonard Bernstein to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the Japanese tradition of playing it to celebrate the New Year. However, other composers, such as Iannis Xenakis, argue that the emotional effect of music on listeners is arbitrary and that, therefore, the objective complexity or information content of the piece is paramount.

Throughout history, parents made sure that their children were educated in cultured music from a very early age. An early musical experience provided the basis for serious study later on. For those who wished to be performers, any instrument is practically impossible to learn at a professional level if, or at least a similar instrument, was not learned from childhood. Some parents sought music education for social reasons or in an effort to impart a useful sense of self-discipline; lessons also seem to show an increase in academic performance. It is also considered that knowledge of the works of classical music is part of a good general culture.

Performance

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Classical composers aspire to imbue their music with a very deep relationship between its affective (emotional) content, and the means by which it achieves it. Many of the most praised classical works make use of musical development, the process by which a musical germ, idea or motif is repeated in different contexts, or altered in such a way that the listener’s mind, consciously or not, compares the different versions. The classical genres of sonata form and fugue rigorously employ forms of musical development. Generally, classical music works show great musical complexity thanks to the composer’s use of development, modulation (changes of tonality), variation rather than exact repetition, musical phrases that do not always have the same length, counterpoint, polyphony and sophisticated harmony. In addition, many fairly long classical works (from 30 minutes to 3 hours) are built up from hierarchies of smaller units: phrases, periods, sections and movements. Schenkerian analysis is a branch of music that attempts to distinguish these structural levels.

Its written transmission, together with the veneration given to certain classical works, has led to the expectation that the performer will play the work in such a way that he or she will realize in detail the original intentions of the composer. Therefore, deviations from the composer’s instructions are sometimes condemned as complete ethical failures. During the 19th century, the details that composers placed in their scores increased. Thus we see an opposing rejection-admiration by performers who offer new “interpretations” of a composer’s work, and it is not unknown for a composer to ask the performer for a better realization of his original intentions than he could achieve himself. In this way, classical music performers often achieve very high reputations for their musicality, even if they do not compose themselves. Another consequence of the primacy of the composer’s written score is that improvisation plays a lesser role, in marked contrast to other traditions such as jazz, where improvisation is basic. Improvisation in classical music was much more frequent in the Baroque than in the 19th and 20th centuries, and recently the performance of that music by modern classical musicians has been enriched by the resurgence of ancient improvisational practices. During the classical period, Mozart and Beethoven sometimes improvised the cadences of their piano concertos (and encouraged others to do the same), but they also tended to give written cadences so that other soloists could use them.

15 BENEFITS OF LISTENING TO CLASSICAL MUSIC

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We have already reviewed in our blog the benefits of music in children and even how music affects your brain, through the computer graphics ‘The Psychology of Music’. The fact is that music in general, and especially classical music, has always been given very different types of benefits. Among other things, it is said to reduce stress, improve mood or even positively affect plants and animals. Here we will review some of the proven benefits of listening to classical music:

Why listen to classical music?
  1. Not only classical music, but music in general, imitates the tonal characteristics of the emotion of the voice and has the ability to provoke chills or produce joy, even in different cultures. For example, Western music causes emotions of excitement or joy. This is because music imitates the tonal characteristics of the emotion of the voice, taking advantage of our ability to communicate and our cultural associations in the same way. Conversely, classical music can lower blood pressure, combat insomnia, improve performance, spatial-temporal reasoning, and short-term memory.
  2. Music influences our mood and causes a range of sensations that affect the whole brain helping to reduce pain and anxiety.
  3. The positive influence of classical music on the treatment of some diseases has been demonstrated. There are several neurological disorders that, although they have no cure, use music as a form of treatment: Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Tourette’s and different forms of autism. For example, according to research published in The Journal of Surgery Cardiothoraic, listening to classical music or opera after a heart transplant can mean the difference between success and failure, since they have found that music reduces anxiety, pain and nausea, even claiming that there could be some effect on the parasympathetic nervous system (a part of the nervous system whose function is to control unconscious things in our body, such as digestion).
  4. Listening to classical music could combat insomnia. The University of Toronto states that “the rhythms and tonal patterns of this type of music create a meditative mood and slow brain waves,” which helps you fall asleep faster. This is due to the rhythms and tonal patterns of this type of music, which create a meditative mood and slow brain waves.
  5. Playing an instrument can improve the ability to learn languages. According to Northwestern University of Illinois, the brain connections that occur when an instrument is played can aid in other forms of communication such as speaking, reading, or understanding other languages.
  6. Classical music reduces stress and may help lower blood pressure. According to some studies, listening to soft classical music a couple of times a week would help reduce your stress and anxiety levels. And if stress is reduced, this in turn affects blood pressure, according to comparisons made in a University of San Diego study between classical music and jazz, pop, or other music. Those who listened to classical music had lower blood pressure levels.
  7. Listening to classical music, as well as learning to play an instrument and musical language, may improve performance so that people will have better academic results and suffer less school failure. Music has been shown to be effective in instilling consistency, discipline, and rigor in students who study it.
  8. For example, the following study carried out in the United States also showed that those who had some kind of music education had better grades in the university entrance exams. Those who studied music scored 61 points more than their peers on verbal tests and 42 on math, while those who played instruments scored 53 and 39 points more respectively on both tests.
  9. Music helps to overcome dyslexia. It has been demonstrated that studying musical language or playing the piano significantly improves the coordination of dyslexic people. “Researchers argue … that early music practice benefits (children with dyslexia) in learning to read. María Celia Ruiz Bernal, Director of the Royal Conservatory of Music “Victoria Eugenia” of Granada in the article “Dyslexia and Music Therapy”.
  10. The “Mozart effect” is the series of supposed benefits produced by listening to the music composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which is supposed to improve spatial-temporal reasoning and short-term memory. However, this effect continues to be the subject of research and there are many opinions that cast doubt on it, such as that of the biologist Nicholas Spitzer of the University of California, who questioned the existence of the Mozart effect based on his interpretations of a study that said no effect was shown on the activity or brain capacity of listening to Mozart’s music.
  11. Music helps integration, as shown by this case of an autistic girl who expresses herself through music, or like this initiative in favor of cancer patients that taught through music to understand what other people feel.
  12. Music increases our physical stamina. Listening to music while we exercise improves our performance by 15%, especially rock and pop.
  13. During pregnancy, classical music stimulates the fetus. Although there is some doubt that the “Mozart effect” is entirely true, it has been proven that music stimulates the fetus, which is good for its development. And it doesn’t necessarily have to be Mozart.
  14. Studying music in childhood improves adult brain functions. An interesting study conducted at Northwestern University, in Evanston, Illinois (USA), showed that individuals who had studied music “had better brain responses to complex sounds”; which translates into “benefits ranging from improved auditory perception, greater executive function and more effective use of communication tools.
  15. Music improves children’s memory, attention and concentration skills, and stimulates the right area of the brain, thus improving the ability to perform any other artistic activity, such as painting, thus promoting the child’s overall development by acting on all areas of development. Classical music does not work miracles, but through the practice of an instrument it can make a child who barely shows interest in his domestic duties more responsible and disciplined. Similarly, activities such as singing, dancing, and studying an instrument can greatly improve a child’s motor skills.

Do you know the 10 most performed classical music works in the world?

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The great compositions have their own list of successes, whose most modern work is 113 years old.

The classics never die and the great musical compositions of all times do not stop being played in concert halls around the world, which allows us to draw up a ranking of the pieces that sound most in the main auditoriums, despite the fact that in many cases their authors composed them more than one or two centuries ago, or even three.

The Bachtrack consulting firm has just published the list of the most represented classical music works during 2015, based on more than 28,000 concerts programmed on stages all over the planet. Beethoven is, without a doubt, the star composer with three of his symphonies in the top 10. And, contrary to what it might seem, only one of Mozart’s works is on the list, and in ninth position.

On the other hand, the Salzburg musician has been the most performed throughout 2015, followed by Beethoven, which has represented a change in leadership from the previous year, which was led by the German composer. The rest of the authors whose scores have been most performed are, in order: Bach, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Schubert, Haydn, Ravel, Sibelius and Shumann. The case that most attracts attention is that of Sibelius, who has jumped from 27th to 9th place due, especially, to the celebration of his 150th anniversary, which led to programming his music in many auditoriums in the form of a tribute.

With respect to operas, Verdi heads the list with his Traviata, a position he has snatched from Puccini with his Bohème (now in sixth place). The second most performed opera worldwide has been Mozart’s Le nozze de Figaro, followed by Bizet’s Carmen, Mozart’s The Magic Flute and Puccini’s Madama Butterfly.

Thus, the symphonic top 10 is distributed as follows:

1. Symphony number 5 by Beethoven

The same composer premiered his opus 67 at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna on December 22, 1808. Considered one of the most important works of all time, its first notes (ta-ta-ta-chan), known as the motif of destiny, are unmistakable and have been part of countless themes in modern genres, such as rock.

2. Handel’s Messiah

Handel composed his famous oratorio in only three weeks, in 1741, while he was in London, and it was officially premiered in Dublin a year later. It narrates the life of Jesus and is usually performed at Christmas because the first of the three acts is dedicated to Advent and the birth of Christ.

3. Sibelius Violin Concerto

The Finnish musician composed his opus 47, the only one he dedicated to a single instrument, in 1903, thinking of the virtuoso violinist Willy Burmester. The work, of great technical complexity for the violin soloist, was premiered under the baton of Sibelius himself, but Burmester could not attend and was replaced by a violinist who did not live up to the difficulty of execution required by his score. The composer discarded this version and the definitive one was premiered by the also composer Richard Strauss with the Berliner Philharmoniker, again without Burmester and also with the absence of Sibelius.

4. Symphony number 5 by Tchaikovsky

Tchaikovsky was in charge of conducting the premiere of his symphony opus 36 in St. Petersburg in November 1888. The composer never felt comfortable with this work, which he considered inferior to the Fourth Symphony. Both have in common a leitmotif dedicated to the force of destiny

5. Mendelssohn Violin Concerto

The fame of Mendelssohn’s second violin concerto caused his opus 64 to completely eclipse his first work dedicated to this instrument. The German composer thought of the concert pianist Ferdinand David, who helped him with the more technical passages. Mendelssohn was unable to conduct the premiere of the work, which David did perform at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig on March 13, 1845.

6. Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7

Beethoven took advantage of a health retreat to compose what he considered one of his best works. The German musician conducted the premiere in December 1813 in Vienna with an orchestra full of first-rate musicians and despite the fact that he was already struggling to hear the pianos, according to contemporary musicians who explained to the artist. The Allegretto, the second of the four movements, is especially well known, and the orchestra had to repeat it as a tip at the end of the first audition.

7. Brahms’ Symphony No. 1

The German romantic composer took fourteen years to complete his first symphony, which was premiered in November 1876 under the baton of his friend Felix Otto Dessoff. Under pressure from those who considered him to be Beethoven’s heir, his famous self-criticism and insecurities contributed to the delay of the composition. Some considered that this symphony could have been Beethoven’s Tenth, a poisonous eulogy that Brahms never quite fitted.

8. Beethoven’s Symphony Number 6

Beethoven’s famous pastoral was premiered on December 22, 1808, in the same concert in which the Fifth Symphony was also performed for the first time. With this composition Beethoven tries to describe symphonically nature and breaks with the classical structure, incorporating five movements, one more than usual.
9. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik by Mozart

It is still unknown why Mozart composed The Little Night Serenade, No. 13 for Strings in G Major, one of his best-known works and premiered in August 1787. It had five movements, but the score for one of them has been lost. It could be considered a magical compassion, a masterpiece in which the Salzburg musician used only nine simple notes repeated in a thousand ways.

10. Brahms’ Violin Concerto

Brahms created a technically difficult piece for the solo instrument with his friend and virtuoso Joseph Joachim in mind, who premiered it under the composer’s baton in January 1879.

5 EXCELLENT COMPOSERS TO INTRODUCE YOU TO CLASSICAL MUSIC

Exploring a genre with centuries of history can be exhausting. In this list we have compiled a series of composers that are perfect to start a profitable enjoyment.

The term “classical music” is used to refer to countless styles of music: orchestral, choral, impromtus, requiems, symphonies, etc. Pieces of all kinds that have little to do with each other. That is why it is difficult for most people to get started in such a broad genre.

We will now recommend five composers who have one important attribute in common: they all compose pieces that, despite being considered “classical”, have an essential appeal that they share with more popular musical genres. Their songs are not long, on the contrary, they serve to structure an attractive hall that precedes the discovery of the exciting classical world that lies on the upper floors.

5. Frédéric Chopin

Many pianists begin their studies practicing Chopin’s pieces. He has a fairly varied set of compositions, but some of his “nocturnes” are perfect for determining the rudiments of the craft.

Several of his songs are universally popular and no wonder. Chopin had the ability to move you with his music in less than five minutes, an attribute difficult to find in the classical genre.

That’s why he had no problem with love conquests.

During his life he amazed all kinds of audiences. From aristocratic families to auditoriums full of ordinary people. Chopin’s music transcends social barriers thanks to his unparalleled virtuosity.

4. Franz Schubert

The musical structures of Schubert’s work are capable of astounding all kinds of audiences. The rhythm of most of his pieces expresses a varied palette of emotions, ideal for maintaining our attention throughout their duration.

The songs of this composer are the most exciting and dramatic you will find in this list. His magnificent piano impromtus have impressed millions of people.

He also has quite a few pieces for orchestra under his authorship, but we dare say that his piano compositions are the most excellent. His style has influenced the Metal genre quite a bit, since his way of structuring the different movements of his works is quite similar to what bands like Mastodon, Metallica, Pallbearer, etc. would later use.

3. Arvo Pärt

Without a doubt the most outstanding classical composer of today. Arvo Pärt was born in Estonia in nineteen hundred and thirty-five. At the age of fifteen he had already begun to compose his own works.

Years later he would become the most acclaimed pioneer of the minimalist music movement. His works have been used in dozens of films as many of them have an epic character, perfect to accompany an intense drama.

He has composed dozens of records and orchestral pieces, but without a doubt his best work has been for the choral world. His style is quite particular, even the Icelandic singer Björk has expressed her fanaticism towards Pärt’s pieces.

2. Ludovico Einaudi

We have already talked about how Ludovico Einaudi has once again popularized classical music on a large scale. His style is quite accessible. He is one of the few examples of how trends in modern music can be successfully mixed with classical elements. Something similar to what happens in the case of post-rock.

His piano pieces are exciting. As in the case of Pärt, his works have been used in dozens of films. Since they have a rhythm that is as dizzying as it is emotional, they are perfect for setting a story with similar characteristics.

We consider him the most accessible author on this list. He has several albums in which he develops his style: from simple piano pieces to massive orchestral titans. Einaudi’s work can be enjoyed by anyone.

1. Franz Liszt

Lisztomania” was a term invented in the 19th century that described the state of obsession and euphoria that Franz Liszt caused before, during and after his famous piano recitals. While he was on tour in Europe, women of all ages would chase him through the streets, ready to fight furiously for one of his gloves or any other of his garments.

Liszt’s virtuosity, both in execution and composition, made him famous worldwide. It is not for less, it has so many excellent pieces that it is difficult to choose which is the best of all.

His style was quite extravagant and complex, which is noticeable when anyone performs one of his works. However, all of them have an undeniable passionate element, whose power is only comparable to Schubert’s. He is number one on this list because of the emotional component that attracts millions of people to his music.