Music has been incorporated into our individual and collective life. Music is listened to individually but also in public spaces to create an environment and even to increase consumption. A certain music is preferred and another type is avoided and it is even used as therapy to reduce states of anxiety and / or stress.
In fact, music allows to express and share feelings and experiences and is a form of social relationship (concerts, sporting events, etc.). Langer (2009) affirms that “Music is the language of emotions”, since sounds never lie, and for Yehuda (2011) music has a true authority.
Applying the term affordance , created by Gibson in his ecological theory of visual perception, points out that musical affordance allows the union and appropriation of musical structural properties by the receiver. This interaction is for Batt-Rawden and Tellnes (2011) the foundation or reason why music can allow certain types of uses or interpretations and be present in a variety of social and personal contexts where mood is regulatory and can be described as a way of constructing meaning. Thus, music can be interpreted or used in three ways:
The ability to influence the person’s emotions by modifying them negatively or positively is linked to the emotional self-regulation goals that an individual identifies and the effects expected of it or to the coping strategy of how to experience and / or face negative events in life cites several examples performed in confined spaces where soft background music is used to distract the nervous person and provoke feelings of liberation from personal space: thus, at a funeral it unifies those present in their sadness, while rock music at an event it is used to raise the enthusiasm of the crowd. However, DeNora (2000) warns that the function of music depends on how the person interprets and memorizes their musical experience by associating it with extra-musical elements. Vuoskoski, Thompson, McIlwain and Eerola (2012) point out that sad music, in addition to inducing sadness, can provoke positive emotions depending on the subjective interpretation of the listener. Authors such as Gebhardt, Kunkel and von Georgi (2014) describe that people with mental disorders preferably use music to modulate emotions by reducing negative ones and obtain a relaxed state, while healthy people use it to provoke positive stimulation.
Lazarus, Kanner and Folkman (1980) suggest that positive emotions help people under stress, providing a psychological waiting time to regain balance and have a better response to the demands of the environment. Avey, Wernsing and Mhatre (2011) observe how the presence of positive emotions prevents individuals from experiencing the feeling of lack of control and unpredictability, which are basic characteristics of anxiety.
Relating stress and music, Haun, Mainous and Looney (2001) observed that the scores of the STAI test were significantly lower in the music group compared to the control group. Indicates that various studies show that music is a good component to reduce stress states, but not all music is appropriate for this. There is preliminary evidence that suggests a reduction in anxiety in pregnant women thanks to music. The study by Lesiuk (2008), with air traffic controllers, observed that silence and music can have the same scores on the STAI, and that if the music listened to was the preferred one of the participants, it decreased anxiety states. In contrast, the study by Thoma et al. Using cortisol as a biomarker of biological stress shows that in the group that had
listening to music, a relaxing piece of music (Allegri’s “Miserere”) before a stressful task, increased cortisol compared to the control group who listened to the sound of water. And despite this biomarker, which is the most used, or others related to biological stress, it is shown that the effects are independent of the musical genre, the self-selection or the duration of the music.
These results imply that in order to modify mood and / or emotional states using music as therapy, it is necessary to bear in mind the musical tastes of the subject or patient. Warn that the function of music depends on how the person interpreted and memorized their musical experience by associating it with extra-musical elements.
In this sense, for music therapy, as a stress reducer, the selection of music is important. Thus, Salimpoor, Benovoy, Larcher, Dagher and Zatorre (2011) indicate that in order to obtain satisfactory results when listening to music, due to the diversity of existing musical genres, it will be up to the listener to decide which music is pleasant or not. Confirms that both “positive” and “negative” music modulated the level of anxiety and stress, each in one direction.
Functional neuroimaging studies show that music can modulate the activity of all the limbic and paralimbic brain structures, that is, the areas or structures involved in the initiation, generation, maintenance, termination and modulation of emotions and the possible participation of dopaminergic mechanisms, since the experience of pleasure while listening to music is associated with the release of striatal dopamine in the reward systems. Stress and its regulation also have a physiological basis: the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which indicates the potential of the physiological association of these two.
The objective of this research is to verify the effect produced by music that the subject himself considers pleasant or unpleasant, on anxiety. Thus, and taking into account what is stated in the theoretical framework, the following hypotheses are to be verified:
A study from Great Britain reveals that what is the best song to combat anxiety, I confirm that music plays an important role.
Anyone who has suffered an episode of anxiety knows that it is one of the most desperate psychological disorders, an anguish that does not subside, a heart that beats a thousand, and an impatience that does not subside. Learning to control it with your breath is a good remedy, although scientifically this is the best song to combat anxiety
A study by UK neuroscientists at Mindlab found that there is no better method of dealing when the going gets tough at work, school or in your personal life than music, but specifically there is a song that will relax you. as baby.
According to Dr. David Lewis-Hodgson of Mindlab International, who conducted the research, the title track produced a greater state of relaxation than any other music tested to date, not even Mozart’s melodies managed to relax participants so much.
The song to combat anxiety is Weightles, a piece of eight minutes and eight seconds created in 2011, by three musicians in collaboration with the British Academy of Sound Therapy . Every detail, harmony, rhythm and bass is designed to calm the listener’s heart rate, lower blood pressure and bring them to a state of serenity in the face of anxiety
In fact, listening to the anxiety-fighting song, “Weightless,” resulted in a surprising 65 percent reduction in participants’ overall anxiety and a 35 percent reduction in their usual physiological resting rates.
The find was so important that the year the piece was created, 2011, TIME magazine named Marconi Union on its Inventors of the Year list.
According to the specialist, the best song to combat anxiety, Weightless manages to reduce the chemical changes in the brain by more than half when anxiety, fear and even depression appear.